Marine Pollution Response

  • India is a party to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and has an obligation to protect and preserve the marine environment. The 42nd amendment to the Constitution of India obliges the State to endeavour to protect and improve the environment. This plan is a measure of fulfilment of the obligation on the State under the Law of the Sea Convention and the Constitution of India. The responsibility for coordination of marine oil spills at sea was transferred to the Coast Guard from the Directorate General of Shipping on 07 March 1986. Consequent to the transfer of responsibility, a draft National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan (NOS-DCP) was prepared by the Coast Guard and was approved by the Committee of Secretaries on 04 November 1993.
    The responsibilities of the the Coast Guard organisation include matters related to:
    • Central Coordinating Agency for combating oil pollution in various maritime zones.
    • Implementation of national contingency plan for oil spill disaster.
    • Surveillance of maritime zones against oil spills.
    • Combating oil spills in various maritime zones except within jurisdiction of ports and oil installations.
    • Undertaking oil spill prevention and control, inspection of ships (except within ports) and offshore platforms in the country.